Join our Stonehenge tours from London and begin a journey of wonderful scenery and fascinating history. During this small-group you’ll enjoy charming countryside and unique history, with the first stop at Stonehenge – probably the most famous pre-historic monument in the world.
Thought to be around 4,500 years old, there is nowhere that rivals the combined beauty and the enigma of these stones. Located in the heart of southern England, the site is still a centre for spirituality and remains a magnet for both historians and pilgrims alike. A solar calendar, ancient burial site or place of worship? We hope our Stonehenge tours can help you uncover the mysteries of these iconic stones…
Human activity in central England began around 10,000 years ago during the Mesolithic era following the last ice age. With people drawn by an area of fertile lands ideal for hunting, they slowly began to settle. Over time, with shifting weather patterns and changing activity, a new culture began to emerge. This was a culture of agriculture, of burials, and of rituals and the area around Stonehenge became a hotbed of Neolithic activity.
Various construction projects were undertaken; including stone rows, huge avenues and burial chambers. At the centre of it all was Stonehenge; a construction of epic proportions. First came the ‘henge’; a circular bank and ditch, which was thought to have been started in 3,000BC. This was followed by installation of stones around 500 years later, and some evidence suggests that the construction of on site spanned 1000 years.
Stonehenge actually contains three stone circles in one, and the design is incredibly complex, with the ‘architects’ showing an understanding of geometry that was way ahead of their time. The large outer stones weigh up to 40 tonnes each, and although the smaller ‘bluestones’ (which are considered to have healing powers) may only weigh around five tonnes each, they actually come from the Presili hills in Wales, nearly 200 miles away.
So what is the true meaning of Stonehenge? Who built it? When exactly did they build it? And perhaps most importantly of all, why did they build it? All are logical questions, but all remain without definitive answers. One of the enduring aspects of Stonehenge that continues to draw visitors is this element of mystery. Many of our questions simply do not have conclusive answers and we are still learning about Stonehenge all the time.
Stonehenge is located on the Salisbury Plain; a chalk plateau known as the ‘bread basket of England’. Construction of the stones is thought to have begun around 2,600BC, very similar to the construction of the Pyramid of Gixa, but after 1,500BC the stones were mysteriously abandoned. But the complexity of Stonehenge’s construction, and the amount of effort required, suggests a deep meaning and significance.
The most common theory is that Stonehenge is a solar calendar, with the stones an aid to help mark the location of the sun in the sky. However, some suggest the stones’ excellent acoustics make for an ideal prehistoric concert venue. Or perhaps they’re an extravagent team-building exercise that got out of hand. Others believe that Stonehenge is the work of E.T.; a paranormal monument that cannot be fully explained. The truth is up to you…
If you would like to unravel the mysteries of Stonehenge, then why not join us on our Stonehenge tours? Our five-day adventures include the services of our professional Tour Leaders who are experts on the all of the places you’ll visit, full transportation and four-nights accommodation. Tours start and finish in central London.
Find out more about our Stonehenge tours and start your adventure now!